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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 22(1); 2005 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2005;22(1):43-51.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.1.43    Published online June 30, 2005.
Radiologic Findings of Cervical Mass Type Cervical Pregnancy.
Jae Ho Cho
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. jhcho@med.yu.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND: To examine the ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging findings of a cervical mass type cervical pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ultrasonographic and MRI findings of 5 patients pathologically confirmed as having a cervical pregnancy were analyzed retrospectively. On ultrasonography, the size and echo pattern of the uterine cervix, the shape and echo pattern of the lesion, the degree and the pattern of blood flow on the color Doppler study and the spectral Doppler pattern were analyzed. The shape, signal intensity, and degree and pattern of enhancement of the lesion were evaluated on MRI. RESULTS: The uterine cervix was enlarged and the size of the lesion was 6.1 to 7.1 (average, 6.5) cm. The endocervical canal was irregularly dilated and showed heterogeneous echogenicity in all 5 cases. Four of the 5 lesions were heterogeneously hyper- or mixed echoic and remaining one was relatively homogeneous echogenic. Doppler ultrasonography revealed an increased vascularity of the peritrophoblastic flow pattern. In all 4 cases where MRI performed, the lesion was irregular in shape and the margin was not sharply demarcated. The T2-weighed image showed that the lesions were mixed signal intensity. Three of the 4 lesions contained high signal intensity nodular portions and a low signal intensity rim was observed along the margin of the nodular portions. The T1-weighted image revealed multiple signal voids along the periphery of the lesions and high signal intensity portions as a result of hemorrhage were noted. The dynamic enhanced study showed that the high signal intensity portions on the T2-weighted image were strongly enhanced similar to the vessels on the early phase and the contrast enhancement gradually decreased with time. CONCLUSION: A cervical mass type cervical pregnancy can be correctly diagnosed using the patient's clinical symptom, the elevation in the serum beta-HCG level, and characteristic ultrasonographic and MRI findings.
Key Words: Ectopic regnancy, Uterine cervix, Ultrasonography, Magnetic resonance image


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