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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 23(1); 2006 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2006;23(1):45-51.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2006.23.1.45    Published online June 30, 2006.
The Usefulness of Capsule Endoscopy in Diagnosis of Small Bowel Diseases.
Jong Ryul Eun, Byung Ik Jang
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. jbi@med.yu.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the usefulness of capsule endoscopy (CE) for the diagnosis of small bowel diseases. MATERILAS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 66 patients (mean age: 52.1 years, male/female: 39/27), who underwent CE at Yeungnam University Hospital from August 2003 to March 2006. RESULTS: Suspicious gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding presenting as anemia or history of gross bleeding was the most common reason to perform CE (71.2%). Other indications included GI symptoms (21.2%) such as abdominal pain/discomfort, nausea, diarrhea, and others (7.6%). In studies performed for GI bleeding (n=47), ulcer/erosion was the most common finding (n=22, 46.8%) followed by tumor (n=5, 10.6%), angiodysplasia (n=3, 6.4%), polyp (n=3, 6.4%), active bleeding (n=1, 2.1 %), ulcer with stenosis (n=1, 2.1%), and normal findings (n=12, 25.5%). Of these, a bleeding focus was detected in 32 cases (68.1%) undergoing CE studies. Among 14 patients with GI symptoms, only two patients had typical findings related with symptoms. Surgical resection was performed in five cases with tumor. Of these, four were diagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumor and the other one was a lymphangioma. There were no complications associated with the CE procedure. CONCLUSION: Capsule endoscopy is a safe, noninvasive diagnostic tool for small bowel diseases and may be useful for the diagnosis of small bowel hemorrhage including obscure bleeding. However, further studies are needed to confirm its utility for abdominal symptoms other than hemorrhage because of the low diagnostic yield.
Key Words: Capsule endoscopy, Small bowel disease, Small bowel hemorrhage


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