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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 28(2); 2011 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2011;28(2):133-144.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2011.28.2.133    Published online December 31, 2011.
Tigecycline Treatment for Infections Caused by Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens.
Mi Jung Lee, A Young Seo, Sang Soo Bae, Dong Hyong Jeong, Kyung Hwa Yoon, Byung Sik Hwang, Sung Hoon Kang, Dae Myung Oh, Ki Tae Kwon, Shin Won Lee, Do Young Song
1Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea. ktkwon@fatima.or.kr
2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Tigecycline (TIG), a new broad-spectrum glycylcycline with anti-multidrug-resistant-(MDR)-pathogen activity, was launched in March 2009 in South Korea, but there are insufficient clinical studies on its use in the country. As such, this study was performed to analyze cases of severe MDR-pathogen-caused infections treated with TIG. METHODS: Patients treated with TIG within the period from May 2009 to June 2010 were enrolled in this study. Their clinical and microbiologic data were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were treated with TIG for complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTIs) (42.9%), complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) (38.1%), or pneumonia (19.1%) caused by MDR pathogens like carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (76.2%), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (61.9%), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae (38.1%), and penicillin-resistant Enterococcus species (33.3%). Thirteen patients (61.9%) had successful clinical outcomes while five (23.8%) died within 30 days. The rate of clinical success was highest in cSSTI (77.8%), followed by cIAI (50%) and pneumonia (50%), and the mortality rate was highest in pneumonia (50%), followed by cIAI (25%) and cSSTI (11.1%). CONCLUSION: Tigecycline therapy can be an option for the treatment of severe MDR-pathogen-caused infections in South Korea. Due to its high risk of failure and mortality, however, prudence is required in its clinical use for the treatment of severe infections like nosocomial pneumonia.
Key Words: Drug resistance, Multiple, Tigecycline
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