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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 28(2); 2011 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2011;28(2):153-164.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2011.28.2.153    Published online December 31, 2011.
The Relationship Between the Expression of Estrogen Receptor beta and Recurrence in Breast Cancer.
Su Hwan Kang, Jung Eun Choi, Soo Jung Lee
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. crystallee@medical.yu.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) mRNA expression was down-regulated during carcinogenesis and was inversely related to estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) expression in breast cancer. The association of ERbeta mRNA expression to tamoxifen resistance has also been reported. In this study, the expression of ERalpha and ERbeta via immunohistochemistry (IHC) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was prompted, and an attempt was made to find out the relationship between ERbeta expression and recurrence in the hormonal therapy group, and between ERbeta expression and known prognostic factors. METHODS: Tumor specimens were obtained at surgery from 67 female breast cancer patients during the period of September 1995 to December 2000. All the specimens were frozen in liquid nitrogen and kept at -70degrees C until they were used. The medical records were analyzed retrospectively. The expressions of ER were analyzed using IHC and RT-PCR methods. RESULTS: The median follow-up was at 93.0 months (range: 14-157 months). The percentage of ERalpha+/ERbeta+, ERalpha+/ERbeta-, ERalpha-/ERbeta+, and ERalpha-/ERbeta group were 35.9% 9.4%, 47.2%, and 7.5%, respectively, in 53 patients with hormonal therapy. ERbeta was positive in 42 (82.3%) of 51 ER-positive patients. In the hormonal therapy group, the recurrence rates of each group was 15.8%, 0%, 40.0%, and 0%, respectively. In this group, the ERbeta expression tended to recur, but there was no clinical significance (p=0.084). CONCLUSION: The ERbeta expression may be a predictive marker of a poor response to endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients, although this needs to be confirmed in additional studies.
Key Words: Breast neoplasms, Endocrine therapy, Estrogen receptor beta


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