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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 13(2); 1996 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 1996;13(2):261-271.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1996.13.2.261    Published online December 31, 1996.
Factors Affecting to Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women.
Seung Pil Jung, Keun Mi Lee, Suk Hwan Lee
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis, the most common metabolic bone disorder, is a condition of reduced bone density and increased susceptibility to fractures. Osteoporosis is a major public health problem and a significant cause of morbidity in postmenopausal women. Therefore family physicians as primary care physicians are in a key position for preventing and treating this disorder. So we studied the factors affecting to bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 136 spontaneous postmenopausal women were participated in the study. They have measured spinal bone mineral density by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry from January 1992 to June 1995 at Yeungnam University Hospital. Age, height, weight, age at menarche and menopause, number of child and breast feeding child, history of oral pill ingestion, family history of osteoporosis, amount of milk and coffee ingestion, consumption of tobacco and alcohol and physical activity were assessed by qustionnaire and medical records. RESULTS: physical activity and weight were significant contributors. Physical activity is most the largest contributor. CONCLUSIONS: Among factors affecting to BMD in postmenopausal women, physical activity and weight were more important factors. Therefore continuous physical activity is significant factor to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
Key Words: Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal women, Physical activity


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