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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 14(1); 1997 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 1997;14(1):245-261.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1997.14.1.245    Published online June 30, 1997.
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis(SCFE).
Jin Myoung Dan, Se Dong Kim
Department of Orthopedic Surgery College of Medicine, Yeungnam University Taegu, Korea.
Abstract
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis(SCFE) is a disorder in which there is a gradual or acute disruption through the capital physeal plate. The physiolysis is through a widened zone of hypertrophy, which is weakened due to altered chondrocytic maturation and endochondral ossification. The cause or causes of SCFE remain uncertain. the association of obesity and adolescent age with growth rate are predisposing factors. The possibility that most patients with subclinical hormonal abnormality were proved. The goal of treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis is to reatore the function of the hip and delay the development of degenerative osteoarthrosis by prevention of additional displacement of the epiphysis. We report 10 patients(12hips) with SCFE who were treated by surgical means and followed along for more than one year, at Yeungnam University Hospital, from 1989 to 1996. There were six boys and four girls. The average age at operation was 11.8 years. Seven cases occurred in the left hip, one case in the right and 2 cases had bilateral involvement, five cases had a history of minor trauma on affected hip. Among hormonally studied six patients, panhypopituitarism patient was one case; decreased testosterone, two; decreased growth hormone, two; and decreased thyroid hormone, one. According to clinical stage, two cases were the acute type; five cases, acute on chronic type; and three cases, chronic type. On the radiological grades of slipping, mild slippage were nine hips; moderate, one; and severe, two. The eleven hips were treated by pin fixation in situ, and one, by cuneiform osteotomy. On the average follow-up of 2.6 years, ten hips were excellent or good functional results, two hips were failure.
Key Words: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis


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