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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 15(1); 1998 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 1998;15(1):67-74.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1998.15.1.67    Published online June 30, 1998.
Clinical Study of Congenital Duodenal Obstruction.
Young Soo Huh, Myeung Kook Lim, Sung Kyu Park
Division of Pediatric Surgery, College of medicine, Yeungnam University Taegu, Korea.
Abstract
Successful management of duodenal obstruction in newborn infant implies not only satisfactory nutrition but also achivement of normal growth. To aid early diagnosis and management, we evaluated the diagnostic methods, operative interventions and clinical characteristics of thirty-nine infants with congenital duodenal obstructions. In the 11-year period from July 1986 through June 1997, thirty-nine patients with congenital duodenal obstruction (23 males and 16 females) were treated and reviewed at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Yeungnam University Hospital. The ratio of male to female was 1.4:1, and 29 cases(74.1%) among total 39 patients were newborn. There were 5 premature patients and 16 patients of small for gestational age. The most common causes of the congenital duodenal obstruction was malrotation (26 cases, 66.7%) and followed by annular pancreas (9 cases, 23.1%), type 1 atresia (3 cases, 7.7%) and wind-sock anomaly (1 case, 2.6%). Common symptoms were vomiting, abdominal distention, jaundice. Plain abdominal X-ray study combined with upper gastrointestinal series was the most commonly used diagnostic method. The operative procedures were performed by same pediatric surgeon utilizing Ladd's procedure in 26, duodenoduodenostomy in 8, duodenojejunostomy in 4, excision of wind-sock membrane in 1. A total of 15 associated congenital anomalies were found in 9 patients. Postoperative complications occurred in 13 (33.3%). Overall mortality was 2.6%(1/39). Bilious vomiting and plain abdominal radiologic study were most useful for the diagnosis of congenital duodenal obstruction. Early diagnosis and operative intervention were important to prevent complications such as sepsis and peritonitis.
Key Words: Duodenal obstruction, congenital


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