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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 15(1); 1998 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 1998;15(1):125-134.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1998.15.1.125    Published online June 30, 1998.
Comparison of Usefulness of Laboratory Tests in Diagnosis of Myasthenia Gravis.
Seung Kwon Park, Hyun Cheol Do, Min Jung Kim, Seung Yeop Lee, Mee Yeoung Park, Jung Sang Hah, Wook Nyeun Kim, Jun Lee
1Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Yeung-Nam University Taegu, Korea.
2AnDong Presbyterian Hospital AnDong, Korea.
3SangJu Red Cross Hospital SangJu, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical usefulness of Tensilon test, repetitive nerve stimulation test(RNST), single fiber EMG(SFEMG) test and acetylcholine receptor antibody(AchR Ab) assay for making diagnosis of myasthenia gravis(MG). METHOD: These tests were performed in 21 MG patients which were classified into 11 ocular, 5 mild generalized, 4 moderate generalized, and 1 chronic severe MG. RESULT: The overall positivity of Tensilon test, SFEMG and AchR Ab was 95%, 87%, and 76% respectively. The overall positivity of RNST was 67%; 38% on flexor carpi ulnaris, 43% on adductor digiti quinti and 62% on orbicularis oculi muscles. The positivity of each test was higher in generalized MG group than in ocular MG group. But we could observe the statistically significant difference only in the RNST(p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Tensilon test showed the highest positivity in all MG groups. So we would like to recommend the Tensilon test for the diagnosis of MG at first, followed by RNST and AchR Ab assay, and SFEMG would be indicated to MG group which showed relatively low postivity in other tests.
Key Words: Tensilon test, RNST, SFEMG, AchR Ab, Myasthenia Gravis


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