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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 18(2); 2001 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2001;18(2):277-286.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.2.277    Published online December 31, 2001.
Diagnostic Sensitivity of Several Muscles in Repetitive Nerve Stimulation Test for Myasthenia Gravis.
Hyun Jic Kim, Sung Hwan Lim, Seung Yeop Lee, Jung Sang Hah, Wook Nyeon Kim
1Department of Neurology College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.
2Department of Neurology College of Medicine, Kyongju Dongguk University, Kyongju Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of several muscles in repetitive nerve stimulation test (RNST) for myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 39 MG patients classified by modified Ossermann's classification. Using Stalberg's method, RNST was systematically performed in facial (orbicularis oculi and nasalis) and upper extremity (flexor carpi ulnaris, abductor digiti quinti and anconeus) muscles. RESULTS: The significant electrodecremental response of RNST were noted in orbicularis oculi (58.9%), nasalis (51.3%), flexor carpi ulnaris (42%), anconeus (41%) and abductor digiti quinti muscles (27%). Among the 3 muscles of upper extremity (abductor digiti quinti, flexor carpi ulnaris and anconeus), the positive electrodecremental response of anconeus muscles was significantly higher than other two muscles (p<0.05) in type IIa, IIb and there were no statistical differences of the positive electrodecremental response between orbicularis oculi and nasalis muscles. The facial muscles showed more prominent decremental responses than upper extremity muscles in type I MG(p<0.05). In type IIa MG patients, there were no significant statistical differences between facial and upper extremity muscles but significant statistical differences among upper extremity muscles. In type IIb MG patients, there were no significant statistical differences in all tested muscles in spite of the increased positive electrodecremental response of RNST. CONCLUSION: On the basis of this study, RNST would be initially performed for the orbicularis or nasalis in type I MG and for the anconeus in type IIa or IIb MG.
Key Words: Myasthenia gravis, Repetitive nerve stimulation test, Anconeus muscle


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