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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 22(1); 2005 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2005;22(1):72-80.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.1.72    Published online June 30, 2005.
Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors of Nasopharyngeal Cancer.
Chang Hoon Bai, Young Jung Seo, Sang Baik Ye, Young Ho Choi, Yong Dae Kim, Si Youn Song
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. ssykhs@med.yu.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal cancer is a rare disease with a relatively poor prognosis because it tends to be diagnosed at an advanced stage. The aim of this study was to establish the clinical characteristics of nasopharyngeal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 54 patients with nasopharyngeal cancer from January 1993 to December 2002 were reviewed retrospectively. Forty one cases were male (75.9%) and thirteen were female (24.1%). The average age was of 46.9 (range 16 to 78 years) years. The majority of patients (79.6%) were diagnosed in the advanced stage. The most common complaints were a neck mass (55.5%) and the WHO type III (53.7%) was the most frequent histological type. RESULTS: The cumulative survival rate for a 5-year period was 46.5% and the T stage, N stage, pathologic type, and clinical stage were not significantly related to the survival rate. Sixteen of 54 (31.5%) cases presented with a distant metastasis of the bone, lung, brain, spine, and liver, and six cases (11.1%) presented with a locoregional recurrence. CONCLUSION: TNM staging is not appropriate for predicting survival rate of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. Therefore, a newer staging system, which includes new factors, is needed to predict the prognosis.
Key Words: Nasopharyngeal cancer
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